Vein Treatments

Veins that appear just under the skin can be a visible nuisance that impacts your outer appearance. Some types of these veins such as varicose and spider veins can easily be treated at Phoenix Skin Dermatology.

What Causes Veins to Appear?
Vericose veins, often a often thick and bulging vein against the skin, are the result of weak or damaged valves in the veins of the legs, leaving blood to pool up in the veins. These valves prevent blood from flowing backwards as it returns to your heart. While mostly harmless, they may cause uncomfortable feelings in your legs. The causes of these valves losing effectiveness are heredity, pregnancy, hormonal changes, obesity, age and a sedentary lifestyle.

Spider veins are tiny, fine, curvy lines that can appear on either the legs or the face. Like varicose veins, they are also the result of blood being backed up in its return to the heart. The primary causes of spider veins are sun exposure, injuries, age, and hormone changes.

Vein problems of some type are fairly common; about 50-55 percent of women and 40-45 percent of men having them.

How To Treat Spider Veins
IPL Photofacial
Also known as a intense pulsed light photofacial or photorejuvenation, is a non invasive treatment that uses high intensity pulses of visible light.  This filtered light is absorbed by the tiny vessels, heating to the point of destruction.  The vessels are then naturally removed by your body, leaving little or no trace. Some redness and a warm sensation may be encountered after treatment.   Typically 1-5 treatments are necessary for maximum results spaced about 3-6 weeks apart.

Laser Treatment 
This photoacoustic method of delivering energy will also heat and destroy the tiny spider veins as well as they IPL procedure. Unlike the IPL treatment, the lesions tiny veins may first darken and become more visible before the body naturally removes them. The treatment itself may involve some mild pain, similar to having a rubber band snapped against the skin. Multiple treatments are often required, spaced 2-3 months apart.

Electrocautery
This technique involves introducing high frequency electrical currents to the small veins. The electrical current will then provide sufficient heat to seal the blood vessel (coagulate). Some of the potential side effects are collateral damage to surrounding tissue. Depending on skin type, treatment to a discrete test area may need to be performed to determine your skin’s reaction to this treatment. Multiple treatments are likely necessary for this type of procedure, 2-3 months apart.

Sclerotherapy
A needle is used in this treatment to inject directly into the vein. The injected chemical causes the veins walls to swell, stick together and seal shut, stopping the flow of blood. Once sealed shut, the vein will turn into scar tissue and will fade in a few weeks. After treatment, you can resume normal activity. Multiple treatments may be necessary for this procedure as well, 4-6 weeks apart.

How To Treat Varicose Veins
Some of the procedures for spider vein treatment can also be performed for varicose veins depending on the size of the vein.

Ambulatory Phlebectomy
This procedure involves tiny cuts into the skin with hooks used to pull the vein out of the leg. Local anesthesia will be applied to the part of the leg being treated. The vein is usually removed in a single treatment with minimal scarring depending on the size of the vein being removed. Normal activity can be resumed the day after treatment.*

Compression Stockings
These stockings apply helpful pressure on your veins. They range from support pantyhose to custom fitted prescription-strength gradient compression hose.

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* Individual Results May Vary

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